Neuroscience Lecture 3: The Evolution of Language

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In this final lecture of three in the Frontiers of Science unit on neuroscience, Columbia University professor Darcy B. Kelley discusses the difficulty of researching the evolution of language—a characteristic that leaves nothing in the fossil record. The lecture further emphasizes contemporary issues in linguistics, evolution, and neurobiology, as well as focusing on how different experimental techniques can address this problematic research question. A lecture transcript and companion PowerPoint presentation are also available on FoSO.

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Neuroscience Lecture 2: Sex and Songs

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In this second video of three in the Frontiers of Science unit on neuroscience, Columbia University professor Darcy B. Kelley discusses the neural networks involved in vocal communication. Using the model organism, Xenopus laevis, professor Kelley discusses sexually dimorphic brain development and how hormones relate to sex differences in vocal biology and behavior. The lecture further emphasizes the importance of Scientific Habits of Mind, by focusing on research technique and interpretation. A lecture transcript and companion presentation are also available on FoSO.

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Neuroscience Lecture 1: The Human Brain at Work

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In this first lecture video of three in the Frontiers of Science unit on neuroscience, Columbia University professor Darcy Kelley discusses how the human brain works. Using an exploration of how the ear receives, and the brain processes, sound, Professor Kelley provides an overview of how the nervous system takes in and interprets different types of signals from the outside world. The lecture further emphasizes the importance of Scientific Habits of Mind by exploring the use of analogous systems in the study of how the brain processes audio signals. A lecture transcript and companion PowerPoint presentation are also available on FoSO.

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Neuroscience Unit Matrix

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This "matrix" outlines the content and main ideas in the Frontiers of Science unit on neuroscience. The document maps out the goals, lecture themes, readings, activities, assignments, and discussion topics for each of the weeks or sessions that together make up the unit.

Neuroscience Lecture 3: The Evolution of Language

Discipline:
Resource type:

In this final lecture of three in the Frontiers of Science unit on neuroscience, Columbia University professor Darcy Kelley discusses the difficulty of researching the evolution of language—a characteristic that leaves nothing in the fossil record. The lecture further emphasizes contemporary issues in linguistics, evolution, and neurobiology, as well as focusing on how different experimental techniques can address this problematic research question. A lecture video and companion presentation are also available on FoSO.

Neuroscience Lecture 2: Sex and Songs

Discipline:
Resource type:

In this second of three lectures in the Frontiers of Science unit on neuroscience, Columbia University professor Darcy Kelley discusses the neural networks involved in vocal communication. Using the model organism, Xenopus laevis, professor Kelley discusses sexually dimorphic brain development and how hormones relate to sex differences in vocal biology and behavior. The lecture further emphasizes the importance of Scientific Habits of Mind, by focusing on research technique and interpretation. A lecture video and companion presentation are also available on FoSO.

Neuroscience Lecture 1: The Human Brain at Work

Discipline:
Resource type:

In this first of three lectures in the Frontiers of Science unit on neuroscience, Columbia University professor Darcy Kelley discusses how the human brain works. Using an exploration of how the ear receives, and the brain processes, sound, Professor Kelley provides an overview of how the nervous system takes in and interprets different types of signals from the outside world. The lecture further emphasizes the importance of Scientific Habits of Mind by exploring the use of analogous systems in the study of how the brain processes audio signals. A lecture video and companion presentation are also available on FoSO.

Neuroscience Lecture 1: The Human Brain at Work

Discipline:
Resource type:

Image of human brain.

In this first of three lectures in the Frontiers of Science unit on neuroscience, Columbia University professor Darcy Kelley discusses how the human brain works. Using an exploration of how the ear receives, and the brain processes, sound, Professor Kelley provides an overview of how the nervous system takes in and interprets different types of signals from the outside world. The lecture further emphasizes the importance of Scientific Habits of Mind by exploring the use of analogous systems in the study of how the brain processes audio signals. A lecture video and transcript are also available on FoSO.

Vocal Imitation and Learning by Macaques

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Group of three rhesus macaques.

In this class activity, students will analyze data from an investigation of the role of genetics and environment in the development of language. Students will learn about the effects of inter-species adoption on vocalization in macaques and will apply their understanding of statistical concepts (mean, standard error, standard deviation, Gaussian curves). This document includes student handouts; an instructor guide is provided in an accompanying document.

Vocal Imitation and Learning by Macaques

Discipline:

Japanese macaque with snowball.

In this class activity, students will analyze data from an investigation of the role of genetics and environment in the development of language. Students will learn about the effects of inter-species adoption on vocalization in macaques and will apply their understanding of statistical concepts (mean, standard error, standard deviation, Gaussian curves). This document serves as an instructor guide; student handouts are provided in accompanying documents.